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The CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer in Jefferson Lab’s Hall B was used to carry out the experiment.May 2015Science Highlights

Protons Hog the Momentum in Neutron-Rich Nuclei

New research could change our view of neutron stars and other systems with neutron-rich nuclei. Read More »

Map of carbon dioxide dissolution across the Bravo Dome gas field.April 2015Science Highlights

Carbon Sequestration in New Mexico’s Bravo Dome

Study of natural reservoir provides new clues for the long-term viability of geological carbon dioxide storage. Read More »

Comparison of bioethanol production strategies, including second-generation consolidated bioprocessing, a single-step process in which a microbe breaks down unpretreated cellulosic biomass and converts the resulting sugars into fuel.March 2015Science Highlights

Microbe Produces Ethanol from Switchgrass Without Pretreatment

Genetic engineering allows biomass-degrading bacterium to make fuel in a single process. Read More »

Researchers are seeking to understand the chemical processes leading to secondary organic aerosol formation from isoprene compounds emitted by many species of trees including eucalyptus (shown here).March 2015Science Highlights

Competition Not Concentration Matters when Forming Cloud-Influencing Aerosols

Nitrogen oxide has nonlinear effects on the volatility and composition of SOA based on isoprene emitted by trees. Read More »

In the Community Land Model with coupled carbon and nitrogen cycles (CLM-CN), the carbon and water coupling in leaf-level photosynthetic processes was not linked to nitrogen limitation.March 2015Science Highlights

Model Captures How Nitrogen Limitation Affects Hydrological Processes

Refinement addresses previous inaccuracies in plant growth from elevated carbon dioxide in Community Land Model. Read More »

Climate researchers are studying ways to more accurately model the Madden-Julian Oscillation, a large-scale atmospheric circulation pattern associated with rainfall and drought across the tropics, including Indonesia, (shown here).March 2015Science Highlights

Heat’s Role in the Madden-Julian Oscillation

Study shows low-level atmospheric heating is critical for realistic MJO simulations. Read More »

Scientists have developed a new approach that uses sophisticated mathematical solutions to improve computational simulations of ecosystem water processes.March 2015Science Highlights

New Mathematical Method Enhances Hydrology Simulations

Approach uses land-atmosphere observations to calibrate model. Read More »

To better understand the complex processes involved in wood formation, researchers have developed a new method to study genetic regulatory mechanisms in poplar, a potential bioenergy feedstock (shown here).March 2015Science Highlights

Genetics of Wood Formation

Researchers identify genetic regulatory networks that influence poplar wood formation, a key bioenergy plant. Read More »

A glacier in eastern Greenland flows through a long and narrow valley carved by the movement of ice.March 2015Science Highlights

New Method Relates Greenland Ice Sheet Changes to Sea-Level Rise

Modeling approach includes the effects of ice sheet elevation and region. Read More »

Researchers have combined measurements of plant production, bacterial and fungal carbon decomposition, and soil carbon stocks to study the effects of rising carbon dioxide on long-term carbon storage in soils.March 2015Science Highlights

Increased Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Limits Soil Storage

Study finds that soil carbon may not be as stable as previously thought. Read More »