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Local regions of gel shrink when exposed to light through a photomask apeture.June 2014Science Highlights

Morphing Polymer Shape and Motion with Light

Computational modelling shows how the shape and motion in a polymer gel can be controlled solely by light. Read More »

Left: Fluorescent image of two polystyrene particles positioned at the north and south poles of a liquid crystal droplet. Right: Simulation of particle adsorption; region of disorder within droplets coincides exactly with the particle positions at the poles.June 2014Science Highlights

Cell-like Decoration of “Gooey” Surface

Precise, predictable positioning of nanoparticles on a liquid crystal droplet. Read More »

The color spectrum of light absorbed by a strongly-coupled perylene-tetrapyrrole dyad is more than the sum of the spectra of the constituents.June 2014Science Highlights

Capturing All the Light: Panchromatic Visible Absorption for Solar Photoconversion

Linking together two light absorbing pigments to construct a better artificial photosynthesis solar cell. Read More »

EPR spectra (A) with generated with isotope labeled tyrosines show that a tyrosine radical (B) is cleaved to form an oxobenzyl radical (C) as an intermediate in forming the CO and CN Fe ligands in FeFe hydrogenase.June 2014Science Highlights

Totally Radical: Unique Chemistry Needed to Make a Biological Hydrogen Catalyst

Key steps revealed in assembling the active site of a hydrogen-generating catalyst in bacteria. Read More »

Sequentially deposited green, orange, and red-emitting quantum dots serve as sensitizers within the titanium oxide film to render a rainbow architecture for harvesting photons from sunlight.June 2014Science Highlights

Tuning Into the Right Wavelength: Quantum Dot Rainbow Increases Solar Cell Efficiency

Layers of quantum dots Form “rainbow architecture” that enhances light absorption in a solar cell. Read More »

Disruption of Mediator rescues growth and fertility in Arabidopsis low lignin mutants.May 2014Science Highlights

Mediating Biofuel Complexity through “Mediator” Modification

Research points to more efficient and lower cost routes to high-yield biomass-derived renewable fuels. Read More »

Modified amino acid residues leave a tell-tale “trail” of water’s passage through the protein and to the active site of the photosynthetic protein complex known as Photosystem II (PS II).May 2014Science Highlights

Following the Trail of Water Molecules Through Photosystem II During Photosynthesis

Researchers have identified a possible channel that enables substrate water molecules to travel to the active site of Photosystem II. Read More »

Difference between calculated and experimentally measured masses of oxygen isotopes as a function of mass number.May 2014Science Highlights

Streamlining the Nuclear Force

An optimized nuclear force model yields a high-precision interaction with an unexpected descriptive power. Read More »

Exotic neutron-rich nuclei and new states of matter expected to exist inside neutron stars play a role in interpreting observed cooling in accreting neutron stars.May 2014Science Highlights

Nuclear Theory Helps Forecast Neutron Star Temperatures

Advances in theory have made it possible to predict cooling behavior observed in accreting neutron stars. Read More »

Selenium (grey allotrope): a micronutrient essential for the human body.May 2014Science Highlights

Growing the Tool Box for Medical Imaging: The Selenium-72/Arsenic-72 Generator

Researchers from Los Alamos National Laboratory and the University of Missouri have designed a new source of a valuable imaging isotope. Read More »