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ARM Mobile Facility instruments measure aerosol and cloud properties during a 2008 study in Shouxian, China.July 2014Science Highlight

Higher Clouds Retain Less Energy

ARM data shed light on how altitude affects cloud energy content. Read More »

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility has three user facility sites in the tropical western Pacific: Manus, Papua New Guinea; Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru; and Darwin, Australia.July 2014Science Highlight

A Decade of Atmospheric Research in the Tropical Western Pacific

Long-term ARM datasets critical for cloud and solar energy studies. Read More »

Predicting the economic costs of damage from natural forces is difficult.July 2014Science Highlight

Climate Change Impact Valuation Models Revisited

Valuing diverse climate impacts in integrated assessment models. Read More »

Atmospheric dust from deserts or human activities influences the processes within cirrus clouds, thereby affecting global climate.July 2014Science Highlight

Dust in High Clouds Cools Climate

Study examines impact of ice particle competition. Read More »

A new method for measuring planetary boundary layer depth has been applied to data collected over 8 years at the ARM program’s Southern Great Plains site, whose central facility is shown here.July 2014Science Highlight

New method to determine planetary boundary layer depth

Combining the strengths of existing techniques, new algorithm could help improve climate models. Read More »

Aerial view of braided wetlands and tundra typical of the Bristol Bay watershed in Alaska.July 2014Science Highlight

Modeling Global Wetlands and Their Methane Emissions

Climate model comparisons show wetlands remain a big challenge. Read More »

The Community Land Model explicitly simulates microbial-driven soil carbon cycling in aboveground, surface, and subsurface soil horizons.July 2014Science Highlight

From Microbes to Global Carbon Models

Understanding microbial community processes improves predictions of soil carbon dynamics. Read More »

A large portion of the plant cell wall contains cellulose, which consists of sugar molecules organized into cable-like structures called microfibrils.July 2014Science Highlight

Making Cellulose More Accessible for Bioconversion

Simulations and neutron diffraction reveal how amines disrupt cellulose’s structure. Read More »

Protein production occurs in two basic steps: transcription and translation.July 2014Science Highlight

Recoding of Bacterial Genome Produces Proteins with New Functions

Altered stop codon allows E. coli strain to incorporate nonstandard amino acids. Read More »

Research suggests that methane (CH<sub>4</sub>) utilization by the bacterium <em>Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum</em> under low  oxygen (O<sub>2</sub>) conditions may involve switching to a new fermentation-based  mode that leads to the formation of formate, acetate, succinate, lactate,  hydrogen, and hydroxybutyrate as end products.July 2014Science Highlight

New Metabolic Pathway Discovered in Methane-Consuming Bacteria

Opportunities emerge for using microbes to convert the gas to biofuels and other products. Read More »