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Researchers have discovered a novel methane-producing microbe that dominates the thawing permafrost of their study site: the Stordalen Mire in Sweden’s Abisko National Park.12.01.14Science Highlight

New Methane-Producing Microbe Found in Thawing Permafrost

The species and its relatives appear to be prevalent in areas of high methane flux worldwide. Read More »

Symbiotic fungi called ectomycorrhizae colonize the roots of bishop pine.12.01.14Science Highlight

Uncovering Role of Symbiotic Fungi in Soil Carbon Storage

Mycorrhizae inhabiting plant roots have major impact on carbon release rates. Read More »

Duckweed is a relatively simple plant with fronds (A and B, right) that float on the surface of water and roots that extend into the water.12.01.14Science Highlight

Biofuels from a Floating Water Weed

Duckweed sequencing reveals insights into genes for lignin, cellulose, and starch production. Read More »

Front view of metal organic framework (MOF-74), showing the almost perfectly one-dimensional chains of transition metal magnets (green sections of structure).10.01.14Science Highlight

When Metal Organic Frameworks Turn into One-Dimensional Magnets

Simulations and experiments reveal one-dimensional nano-size magnets are formed in a common porous material. Read More »

Laser induced photodetachment is used to turn a stable F¯(H2O) molecule into FH2O to study the “half reaction” processes experimentally and theoretically.10.01.14Science Highlight

A View from the Middle for Chemical Reactions

Studying the photodetachment of a stable anion provides an experimental-theoretical benchmark of the chemical dynamics. Read More »

Wide-field fluorescence images (upper) acquired simultaneously in two orthogonal polarizations (double-ended arrows) depicting the 1D diffusional motions of rod-shaped single molecules confined within surfactant-templated mesoporous silica (bottom scheme).10.01.14Science Highlight

Wobbling Molecules Probe Wiggle Room in Nanochannels

Single-molecule wobbling measurements help to elucidate molecular confinement within cylindrical nanopores. Read More »

A fragment of the crystal structure of the new ice is shown where the oxygen atoms are blue and the molecular hydrogen atoms pink.10.01.14Science Highlight

Inside Ice Under High Pressure

New insights from neutron diffraction reveal changes to atomic structure. Read More »

Methane emissions estimated in a recent study (A) and compared against the commonly used Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) 4.2 inventory (B and C).07.01.14Science Highlight

Some U.S. Methane Sources May Be Larger than Previously Thought

Inventories underestimate emissions from fossil fuel industry and animal husbandry, study finds. Read More »

As part of research to improve biofuel production processes, scientists are studying how a soil microbe found in Puerto Rico’s El Yunque National Forest (shown here) breaks down lignin in plant cell walls.07.01.14Science Highlight

Tropical Soil Bacterium Frees Plant Sugars for Biofuels

Microbe found to use two biochemical pathways for degrading lignin. Read More »

A new method for measuring planetary boundary layer depth has been applied to data collected over 8 years at the ARM program’s Southern Great Plains site, whose central facility is shown here.07.01.14Science Highlight

New method to determine planetary boundary layer depth

Combining the strengths of existing techniques, new algorithm could help improve climate models. Read More »