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Researchers are exploring the use of ionic liquids as a biomass pretreatment.06.30.16Science Highlight

Closing the Loop: Ionic Liquids from Biomass Waste Could Pretreat Plants Destined for Biofuels

Recycling waste from biofuel production could lower cost for future biorefineries. Read More »

An electron micrograph shows rod-shaped E. coli secreting oil droplets containing biodiesel fuel, along with fatty acids and alcohol.06.30.16Science Highlight

Engineering E. coli for Biofuel, Bioproduct Production

A novel E. coli fatty acid biosynthesis system could more efficiently convert biomass to desired products. Read More »

The Columbia River receives chromium-contaminated groundwater from the Hanford Site, a former nuclear materials production and processing complex in Washington State.06.20.16Science Highlight

Stimulate Bacteria to Stop Chromium in Groundwater

Findings could aid contaminant management efforts at former weapons production and industrial processing sites. Read More »

A jar of bio-oil, an alternate “crude oil” for transportation fuels currently made from petroleum, is created by first rapidly heating plant matter in a process called pyrolysis.06.20.16Science Highlight

Water Gunks Up Biofuels Production from Bio-Oils

New findings will help extend the lifetime of catalysts used to process bio-oils in liquid systems. Read More »

Researchers isolated an Escherichia coli mutant that tolerates a liquid salt used to break apart plant biomass into sugary polymers.06.20.16Science Highlight

A One-Pot Recipe for Making Jet Fuel

Researchers use engineered bacteria to simplify biofuels production, potentially lowering cost. Read More »

Thermal properties of a black phosphorus nanoribbon were a factor of two different along two directions in the crystal structure.06.10.16Science Highlight

Keeping Cool with a Black Semiconductor

The orientation-dependent thermal properties of black phosphorous could be used to keep microchips cool and improve their efficiency. Read More »

Scientists achieved a seamless connection between two disparate materials: a graphene sheet and boron nitride nanotube, as depicted in the bottom overlay by a gray sheet and pink and purple tube.06.10.16Science Highlight

Working Better Together: Two Materials Defining the Future of High-Speed Electronics

Junctions between conductive graphene and insulating nanotubes could lead to faster electronics and computers. Read More »

A cage-like protein (gray) called ferritin was engineered to have metal hubs (blue) on its surface.06.09.16Science Highlight

Modular Construction - on a Molecular Scale

Predictable assembly of protein building blocks result in a new class of porous materials, with potential uses ranging from efficient fuel storage to practical carbon capture and conversion. Read More »

A snapshot from a large quantum molecular dynamics simulation of the production of hydrogen molecules (green) from an aluminum-lithium alloy nanoparticle containing 16,661 atoms (represented by the silver contour of charge density) and dissolved charged lithium atoms (red).06.09.16Science Highlight

Towards Eco-friendly Industrial-Scale Hydrogen Production

Atomic-scale simulations predict how to use nanoparticles to increase hydrogen production. Read More »

Absorption of sunlight in silicon solar cells results in losses due to heat from “hot” photo-excited electrons.06.09.16Science Highlight

Taking on the Heat in Solar Cells: New Calculations Show Atomic Vibrations Hurt Efficiency

Theoretical modeling of energy loss in solar cells may lead to more efficient materials to convert sunlight to electricity. Read More »

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