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Researchers added extra energy to the proton to produce a pair of quarks, which then yielded new particles.August 2015Science Highlight

Up and Down Quarks Favored Over Strange Ones

The proton's primary building blocks, up and down quarks, are produced more often than strange quarks in scattering experiments. Read More »

Initial hot spots created by collisions of one, two, and three-particle ions with much larger gold ions.August 2015Science Highlight

Discovered: Tiny Drops of “Perfect” Fluid that Existed in the Early Universe

Particles colliding at nearly light speed reveal information about the true nature of matter. Read More »

Million molecule simulation of ice formation in a single water droplet.August 2015Science Highlight

Freezing a Droplet to Stop the Ice

Advances in simulating water molecules in droplets reveal surfaces that may be resistant to ice formation. Read More »

Cassiopeia A is the remnant of a supernova explosion that occurred over 300 years ago in our galaxy, at a distance of about 11,000 light years from us.August 2015Science Highlight

Magnetic Amplification in Cosmic Field Explained

Experimental turbulence model matches the magnetic field amplification seen within the remains of a supernova. Read More »

Fan-cooled heat sink on a microprocessor.July 2015Science Highlight

Hundred-Fold Improvement in Temperature Mapping Reveals the Stresses Inside Tiny Transistors

New nanoscale thermal imaging technique shows heat building up inside microprocessors, providing new information to help solve heat-related performance issues. Read More »

The top figure shows the energy/time distribution of the twin bunches measured with an X-band transverse deflector.July 2015Science Highlight

Two-color X-rays Give Scientists 3-D View of the Unknown

Pairs of precisely tuned X-ray pulses uncover ultrafast processes and previously unmapped structures. Read More »

Formation of large-scale 3D binary crystals with predictable lattice symmetry, as determined by the cubic geometry and DNA-encoded interactions between cubes and spheres (scale bar: 500nm)July 2015Science Highlight

Nanoscale Building Blocks and DNA “Glue” Help Shape 3D Architectures

New approach to design and assemble tiny composite materials could advance energy storage. Read More »

High-speed photographs of a falling water droplet on a nanostructured surface (top) before, (middle) during, and (bottom) after impact.July 2015Science Highlight

Super Water-Repellant Coatings Can Now Take the Pressure

Careful tuning of a surface at the nanoscale could lead to robust materials for solar panels, other uses. Read More »

To help identify routes to mitigate toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and soot formation from combustion engines, scientists identified the full list of products in a key reaction between phenyl radicals and oxygen.July 2015Science Highlight

Up in Flames: Phenyl Oxidation Product Distribution

Researchers determine the reaction pathway to how soot and other toxic components form in combustion systems. Read More »

Atomic structure of the adsorbed carbon dioxide (grey sphere bonded to two red spheres) inserted between the manganese (green sphere) and amine (blue sphere) groups within the novel metal-organic framework, forming a linear chain of ammonium carbamate (top).July 2015Science Highlight

Cooperative Carbon Capture by a Novel Material that Mimics a Plant Enzyme

Innovative materials adsorb carbon dioxide via an unprecedented cooperative insertion mechanism. Read More »