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Resonant scattering with coherent x-rays is used to probe the size and the dynamics of magnetic domains in a Dysprosium (one of the elements with highest magnetic strength) crystal with three different domains (shown in three colors in the schematic).June 2013Science Highlights

Magnetic Systems Mimic Granular Materials

Magnetic domains exhibit the same dynamic jamming behavior universal to granular materials, polymers, glasses and emulsions. Read More »

High-energy x-ray diffraction pattern from a single grain of a gadolinium – cadmium alloy (shown in center) displaying the novel five-fold rotational symmetry, characteristic of an icosahedral quasicrystal.June 2013Science Highlights

A New Class of Magnetic Materials with Novel Structural Order

The discovery of the first binary magnetic quasicrystals will enable the unraveling of the fundamental relationship between the structure and magnetism in aperiodic materials. Read More »

Protons and x-rays permit direct, nondestructive imaging of melting and solidification of metal alloys.June 2013Science Highlights

Using Protons to Peer into Metal Solidification

Proton radiography is a new tool for imaging melting and solidification of metals. Read More »

DOE JGI researchers have helped develop a technique that uses the Pacific Biosciences sequencing machine to fully automate the workflow for DNA sample preparation, sequencing, and assembly.June 2013Science Highlights

New Technique Improves Microbial Genome Assembly

Tool simplifies workflow for DNA sample preparation to finished sequence. Read More »

Hot cells used to purify highly radioactive materials for medical use.June 2013Science Highlights

Flexible Medical Radioisotope Production

Brookhaven’s large proton linear accelerator is able to produce medically useful radioisotopes not available elsewhere. Read More »

Jefferson Lab's K20 supercomputer.June 2013Science Highlights

Supercomputing on a Budget

The optimization of commercial hardware and specialized software enables cost-effective supercomputing. Read More »

Calculations predict the zeolite structure schematically shown in the figure will effectively capture methane from a low-quality natural gas mixture of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4).April 2013Science Highlights

Discovery of New Materials to Capture Methane

Predicted materials could economically produce high-purity methane from natural gas systems and separate methane from coal mine ventilation systems. Read More »

Scanning electron microscope image of a silicon surface hosting a nano-scale array of V-shaped gold antennas (metasurface) with different lengths, orientations, and angles.April 2013Science Highlights

Putting Light to Work at the Quantum Scale

Using artificial nanostructures to control the properties of light could play a prominent role in the future of computing. Read More »

Data from the ARM Climate Research Facility’s Oklahoma site are advancing the understanding of continental cumulus clouds, which will improve their representation in global climate models.April 2013Science Highlights

Fair-Weather Clouds, Cooling, and Humidity

ARM data offer insights into shallow cumulus clouds over land. Read More »

Small-angle scattering (SAS) with X-rays (pictured) or neutrons provides structural data for many biomolecules not suited for other analytical methods because of their flexible structures.April 2013Science Highlights

Small-Angle Scattering of Proteins and Nucleic Acids

New method enables structure determination of flexible biomolecules. Read More »