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Oxygen ions can zigzag or take a circular route (red arrows) through this metal oxide crystal made of strontium (green), chromium (blue), oxygen (red) atoms...February 2015Science Highlight

Bringing Order to Defects - Making Way for Oxygen to Move

New metal oxide material works at temperatures low enough to improve fuel cell efficiency. Read More »

A series of x-ray scattering images are taken at ultrafast time intervals with an x-ray laser after excitation with an infra-red source that energizes the vibrational modes of a Germanium crystal.January 2015Science Highlight

X-ray Laser Used to Produce Movies of Atomic-scale Motion

Stroboscopic x-ray pulses scatter from a vibrating crystal and reveal how energy moves. Read More »

This graphical representation of lignocellulosic biomass based on supercomputer models illustrates a new study about the inner workings of plant cell walls during bioenergy production.December 2014Science Highlight

Breaking Down the Mechanisms of Biomass Deconstruction

Study reveals insights into plant structural changes during bioenergy pretreatments. Read More »

Integrated Microbial Genomes (IMG), a data warehouse run by the Department of Energy’s Joint Genome Institute, provides tools for analyzing the structural and functional annotations of genomes in a comparative context.December 2014Science Highlight

Genome Databases Get Faster, Bigger, Stronger

DOE Joint Genome Institute expands data and analytical tools. Read More »

During a 10-month ARM experiment in India’s Ganges Valley, instruments including a Doppler lidar (shown here) collected measurements of various atmospheric dynamics, cloud properties, and radiative transfer.December 2014Science Highlight

Large Aerosols Play Unexpected Role in Ganges Valley

ARM study reveals surprising amount of light absorption by large aerosol particles. Read More »

Duckweed is a relatively simple plant with fronds (A and B, right) that float on the surface of water and roots that extend into the water.December 2014Science Highlight

Biofuels from a Floating Water Weed

Duckweed sequencing reveals insights into genes for lignin, cellulose, and starch production. Read More »

The figure shows measured electron bunch images with lasing suppressed (top left) and full lasing (right).October 2014Science Highlight

Making the Old New Again: Measuring Ultrashort X-ray Laser Pulses

Researchers have developed a powerful new diagnostic tool for the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) with femtosecond resolution. Read More »

A fragment of the crystal structure of the new ice is shown where the oxygen atoms are blue and the molecular hydrogen atoms pink.October 2014Science Highlight

Inside Ice Under High Pressure

New insights from neutron diffraction reveal changes to atomic structure. Read More »

The weak signal of two gadolinium ions - shown as brilliant spheres - was used to solve the high resolution crystal structure of the model protein lysozyme.October 2014Science Highlight

Solving Protein Structures from Scratch

A novel tool to determine the structure of difficult to crystallize proteins. Read More »

Nanocrystals enable new electrically-controlled windows.October 2014Science Highlight

Smarter Smart Windows

Thin coating of nanocrystals embedded in glass can electrically control light and heat from sunlight as it passes through a window. Read More »