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When gaseous carbon dioxide (center) is dissolved in water, its water-fearing or hydrophobic nature creates a cylindrical cavity in the liquid, setting the stage for the proton transfer reactions that produce carbonic acid.08.01.15Science Highlight

The Importance of Hydration

Spectroscopy combined with theory and computation determines the interaction between carbon dioxide and water. Read More »

Cassiopeia A is the remnant of a supernova explosion that occurred over 300 years ago in our galaxy, at a distance of about 11,000 light years from us.08.01.15Science Highlight

Magnetic Amplification in Cosmic Field Explained

Experimental turbulence model matches the magnetic field amplification seen within the remains of a supernova. Read More »

Scientists reported the first direct detection of a hydroperoxyalkyl radical—a class of reactive molecules denoted “QOOH”—that are key intermediates in combustion and atmospheric chemistry.08.01.15Science Highlight

Combustion’s Mysterious “QOOH” Radicals Exposed

Direct measurement of an elusive but critical combustion molecule leads to more accurate models of ignition chemistry. Read More »

Initial hot spots created by collisions of one, two, and three-particle ions with much larger gold ions.08.01.15Science Highlight

Discovered: Tiny Drops of “Perfect” Fluid that Existed in the Early Universe

Particles colliding at nearly light speed reveal information about the true nature of matter. Read More »

The matrix-free ionization platform consists of an array of silicon nanoposts.08.01.15Science Highlight

One in a Million: Analyzing Metabolites in a Single Cell

Commercialized nanopost array platform reveals metabolic changes in individual cells due to environmental stress. Read More »

To help identify routes to mitigate toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and soot formation from combustion engines, scientists identified the full list of products in a key reaction between phenyl radicals and oxygen.07.01.15Science Highlight

Up in Flames: Phenyl Oxidation Product Distribution

Researchers determine the reaction pathway to how soot and other toxic components form in combustion systems. Read More »

Fan-cooled heat sink on a microprocessor.07.01.15Science Highlight

Hundred-Fold Improvement in Temperature Mapping Reveals the Stresses Inside Tiny Transistors

New nanoscale thermal imaging technique shows heat building up inside microprocessors, providing new information to help solve heat-related performance issues. Read More »

Formation of large-scale 3D binary crystals with predictable lattice symmetry, as determined by the cubic geometry and DNA-encoded interactions between cubes and spheres (scale bar: 500nm)07.01.15Science Highlight

Nanoscale Building Blocks and DNA “Glue” Help Shape 3D Architectures

New approach to design and assemble tiny composite materials could advance energy storage. Read More »

Snapshots of a helium bubble just before bursting when grown at slow versus fast rates.07.01.15Science Highlight

Double, Double Toil and Trouble: Tungsten Burns and Helium Bubbles

New models reveal the impact of competing processes on helium bubble formation in plasma-exposed tungsten. Read More »

The top figure shows the energy/time distribution of the twin bunches measured with an X-band transverse deflector.07.01.15Science Highlight

Two-color X-rays Give Scientists 3-D View of the Unknown

Pairs of precisely tuned X-ray pulses uncover ultrafast processes and previously unmapped structures. Read More »