Center for Lignocellulose Structure and Formation (CLSF)

CLSF Header


Daniel Cosgrove

Lead Institution

Pennsylvania State University

Year Established



To develop a nano- to meso-scale understanding of plant cell walls, the main structural material in plants, and the mechanisms of their assembly, forming the foundation for significant advances in sustainable energy and novel biomaterials.

Research Topics

biofuels (including algae and biomass), bio-inspired, mechanical behavior, carbon sequestration, mesostructured materials, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly)

Materials Studied

Materials: polymer, cellulose, biological (DNA, protein)

Interfaces: organic/organic

Nanostructured Materials: 3D, nanocomposites

Experimental and Theoretical Methods

X-ray diffraction and scattering, X-ray spectroscopy, electron microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, near-field scanning optical microscopy, surface science, neutron diffraction and scattering, molecular dynamics (MD), density functional theory (DFT), monte carlo (MC), quantum mechanics, classical mechanics, continuum modeling, mesoscale modeling, finite element method, multiscale modeling


Partner Institutions

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • North Carolina State University
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Pennsylvania State University
  • Stony Brook University
  • University of Chicago
  • University of Rhode Island
  • University of Texas at El Paso
  • University of Virginia

BES Staff Contact

Robert Stack

Last modified: 12/11/2017 1:49:12 PM