Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures and Transport Center (FIRST)

FIRST Header


Sheng Dai

Lead Institution

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Year Established



To develop fundamental understanding and validated, predictive models of the unique nanoscale environment at fluid-solid interfaces that will enable transformative advances in electrical energy storage and electrocatalysis.

Research Topics

catalysis (heterogeneous), energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), defects, mechanical behavior, charge transport, separations, mesostructured materials, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly)

Materials Studied

Materials: semiconductor, metal, oxide, ionic liquid, porous, transparent conductor

Interfaces: organic/semiconductor, liquid/solid

Nanostructured Materials: 0D, 1D, 2D, 3D

Experimental and Theoretical Methods

X-ray diffraction and scattering, electron microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, surface science, neutron diffraction and scattering, neutron spectroscopy, molecular dynamics (MD), density functional theory (DFT), quantum mechanics, classical mechanics, continuum modeling, mesoscale modeling, multiscale modeling


Partner Institutions

  • Argonne National Laboratory
  • Drexel University
  • Georgia State University
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Pennsylvania State University
  • University of California Davis
  • University of California Riverside
  • University of Delaware
  • University of Minnesota
  • Vanderbilt University

BES Staff Contact

Craig Henderson

Last modified: 12/11/2017 1:49:14 PM