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Using a molecular template before atomic layer deposition leads to cavities in thin oxide films that act as shape-selective sieving layers for oxidations and reductions.10.01.12Science Highlight

Adding Nanocavities to Catalyst Surfaces Enhances Chemical Selectivity

Adding an oxide sieve, a layer containing nanocavities, to a catalyst surface makes the catalyst selective for specific reactions and increases efficiencies for chemical processes. Read More »

Large-area nanostructured solar cells.09.01.12Science Highlight

Future Solar Cells: Thinner, Brighter, and Better

New theory describes light management in thin-film solar cells. Read More »

The proposed catalytic cycle for manganese porphyrin-catalyzed C-H fluorination reactions is consistent with theoretical calculations.09.01.12Science Highlight

New Catalytic Approach Builds Molecules with Specific Functionality More Safely and Efficiently

Rapid creation of carbon-fluorine bonds may lead to improved production of drugs, agrochemicals and positron emission tomography (PET) tracers. Read More »

The structure on the left shows the arrangement of atoms in a portion of the photosynthetic PSII complex that uses light to oxidize water.09.01.12Science Highlight

Mimicking Photosynthesis for Production of Solar Fuels

A step closer to an artificial system using sunlight to produce hydrogen from water Read More »

Diamond anvil showing dents (arrowed) after being used to squeeze this new superhard material.08.01.12Science Highlight

New Superhard Form of Carbon Dents Diamond

Squeezing creates new class of material built from clusters of carbon atoms. Read More »

X-ray computer tomography (CT) image showing solid carbonate (calcite, green) grown in a network of glass beads (blue).07.01.12Science Highlight

Underground Storage of Carbon Dioxide—as a Solid

Nanoscale features in rocks enable more carbon dioxide to be trapped as a solid carbonate material underground. Read More »

Sheets of zeolite catalysts form an open pore structure like a “house-of-cards”06.01.12Science Highlight

Simple Synthesis of Pore Highways Inside of Catalysts

House-of-Cards structure leads to improved zeolite catalyst. Read More »

STM-measured anisotropy of energy gaps...05.01.12Science Highlight

Can Magnetism Explain High Temperature Superconductivity?

Visualization of electron pair binding confirms predictions about how high temperature superconductivity works. Read More »

In the EFC, a slurry of activated carbon spheres in a non-toxic electrolyte (water with dissolved sodium sulfate) is pumped from reservoirs into the electrode-contact cell (inset), where the spheres acquire surface charge.05.01.12Science Highlight

Electrical Energy Storage Using Carbon Slurries

New scalable, high power energy storage possible with carbon-electrolyte slurries. Read More »

Distorted three-dimensional perovskite structure of cesium tin iodide (CsSnI3) at room temperature...05.01.12Science Highlight

Low-Cost, Third Generation Solar Cells on Solid Ground

Novel, liquid-less design promises to improve long-term stability and durability of dye-sensitized solar cells while hitting high efficiency marks. Read More »