History

Transformative Opportunities Addressed by EFRCs

Transformative Opportunities

In 2014, the Department of Energy's Office of Science charged the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) to assess the progress made on the five Grand Challenges identified in the 2007 BESAC report, Directing Matter and Energy: Five Challenges for Science and the Imagination, and determine what new knowledge opportunities exist to advance energy science. The findings are given in a 2015 report, Challenges at the Frontiers of Matter and Energy: Transformative Opportunities for Discovery Science. This report highlights striking recent discoveries made in pursuit of the Grand Challenges that open compelling new research directions with the potential to transform the methods, reach, and impact of energy science and technology. It also presents five new Transformative Opportunities that reflect the breakthrough potential of research supported by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES).  Each Energy Frontier Research Center addresses one or more of these transformative opportunities. Past EFRCs, active in 2014-2018, who have self-identified as addressing each transformative opportunity are listed below.


Mastering Hierarchical Architectures and Beyond-Equilibrium Matter 
Transformative Opportunity #1: Mastering Hierarchical Architectures and Beyond-Equilibrium Matter
Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2018 Carnegie Institution of Washington Ho-kwang Mao (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014); Russell Hemley (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018) Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (Efree)
2009-2018 Los Alamos National Laboratory Victor Klimov Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics (CASP)
2009-2018 Purdue University Maureen McCann Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio)
2009-2018 University of Notre Dame Peter Burns Materials Science of Actinides (MSA)
2009-2018 Washington University in St. Louis Robert Blankenship Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center (PARC)

Understanding the Critical Roles of Heterogeneity, Interfaces, and Disorder 
Transformative Opportunity #2: Beyond Ideal Materials and Systems: Understanding the Critical Roles of Heterogeneity, Interfaces, and Disorder
Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2018 California Institute of Technology Harry Atwater (8/1/2009-1/30/2015); Ralph Nuzzo (2/1/2015 - 7/31/2018) Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI)
2009-2018 Carnegie Institution of Washington Ho-kwang Mao (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014); Russell Hemley (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018) Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (Efree)
2009-2018 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Donald DePaolo Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2 (NCGC) (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014); Center for Nanoscale Controls on Geologic CO2 (NCGC) (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
2009-2018 Los Alamos National Laboratory Victor Klimov Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics (CASP)
2009-2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Marc Baldo Center for Excitonics (CE)
2009-2018 University of Notre Dame Peter Burns Materials Science of Actinides (MSA)
2009-2018 University of Texas at Austin Gary Pope (8/1/2009 - 6/30/2013); Steven Bryant (7/1/2013 - 8/30/2014); Larry Lake (9/1/2014 - 7/31/2018) Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES)
2009-2018 Washington University in St. Louis Robert Blankenship Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center (PARC)
2014-2018 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Robert Finley (8/1/2015 - 4/15/2015); Scott Frailey (4/16/2015 - 7/31/2018) Center for Geologic Storage of CO2 (GSCO2)

Harnessing Coherence in Light and Matter
Transformative Opportunity #3: Harnessing Coherence in Light and Matter
Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2018 California Institute of Technology Harry Atwater (8/1/2009-1/30/2015); Ralph Nuzzo (2/1/2015 - 7/31/2018) Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI)
2009-2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Marc Baldo Center for Excitonics (CE)
2009-2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Gang Chen Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC)
2009-2018 Washington University in St. Louis Robert Blankenship Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center (PARC)
Revolutionary Advances in Models, Mathematics, Algorithms, Data, and Computing
Transformative Opportunity #4: Revolutionary Advances in Models, Mathematics, Algorithms, Data, and Computing
Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2018 California Institute of Technology Harry Atwater (8/1/2009-1/30/2015); Ralph Nuzzo (2/1/2015 - 7/31/2018) Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI)
2009-2018 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Donald DePaolo Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2 (NCGC) (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014); Center for Nanoscale Controls on Geologic CO2 (NCGC) (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
2009-2018 Los Alamos National Laboratory Victor Klimov Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics (CASP)
2009-2018 University of Texas at Austin Gary Pope (8/1/2009 - 6/30/2013); Steven Bryant (7/1/2013 - 8/30/2014); Larry Lake (9/1/2014 - 7/31/2018) Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES)
2014-2018 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Robert Finley (8/1/2015 - 4/15/2015); Scott Frailey (4/16/2015 - 7/31/2018) Center for Geologic Storage of CO2 (GSCO2)
Exploiting Transformative Advances in Imaging Capabilities across Multiple Scales
Transformative Opportunity #5: Exploiting Transformative Advances in Imaging Capabilities across Multiple Scales
Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2018 Brookhaven National Laboratory Seamus Davis (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014); Peter Johnson (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018) Center for Emergent Superconductivity (CES)
2009-2018 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Donald DePaolo Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2 (NCGC) (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014); Center for Nanoscale Controls on Geologic CO2 (NCGC) (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
2009-2018 University of Texas at Austin Gary Pope (8/1/2009 - 6/30/2013); Steven Bryant (7/1/2013 - 8/30/2014); Larry Lake (9/1/2014 - 7/31/2018) Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES)
2014-2018 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Robert Finley (8/1/2015 - 4/15/2015); Scott Frailey (4/16/2015 - 7/31/2018) Center for Geologic Storage of CO2 (GSCO2)


Last modified: 12/12/2018 4:54:56 PM