12.12.17

Bending a New Tool for Low Power Computing

Theory predicts that bending a film will control spin direction and create a spin current for next-generation electronics.

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Bending a New Tool for Low Power Computing

Low power electronics can use electron spin rather than charge to move information. Bending an exotic 2-D quantum material (orange) was predicted to tune the spin current. The films only allow spin current and charge current to flow along their edges. When the film is flat, the spin directions (blue arrow labeled L and the red arrow R) sum to zero. Bending the film, as on the right, causes the spin directions to be larger than zero. This non-zero spin current could be used for next-generation electronics called spintronics.

The Science

Today’s computers rely on moving electrons to move data. Moving these charges, like the currents in electricity, can generate waste heat. What if an electron’s spin, rather than its charge, could move data? In a special type of ultra-thin material, charge current and spin current only flow along the edges. Bending the film from flat to a half cylinder decoupled the charge current from the spin current. The up and down spins do not cancel each other out, resulting in a useful spin current. This creates a “pure” stream of spins that could move data with less energy.

The Impact

Bending an exotic thin film is predicted to be a new tool to control and inject spin. Bending these special films could bring us closer to next-generation electronics that use spin to efficiently store and move data.

Summary

A future type of energy-efficient electronics is called spintronics. A challenge in spintronics is tuning how spins move to create current, called spin transport, in materials. Spin current and electrical current flow along the edge of 2-D topological insulators. Impressively, these exotic thin films (2-D materials) do not require strong magnetic fields to control the spin transport. Flat 2-D materials have shown no net spin current because of counter-propagating spin flowing along its edges. Bending the films, in a process called deformation, causes expansion or compression of a crystal lattice. Deformation is known to affect electronic properties. A research team led from the University of Utah performed calculations to investigate the effects of bending a flat 2-D topological insulator. They bent the film into a half cylinder. Researchers calculated the spin transport properties and spin texture in the material. The bending controlled the spin transport properties of the film. With bending, the spin current was tuned from zero to a maximum value. This work opens new avenues to tune and inject spin current by bending 2-D topological insulators.

Contact

Feng Liu
University of Utah
Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing
fliu@eng.utah.edu

Funding

This work was primarily supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. Additional support was provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and China Academy of Engineering Physics Laser. Computational resources were provided by National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, a DOE Office of Science user facility; the University of Utah; and the Beijing Computational Science Research Center.

Publications

B. Huang, K.H. Jin, B. Cui, F. Zhai, J. Mei, and F. Liu, “Bending strain engineering in quantum spin Hall system for controlling spin currents.” Nature Communications 8, 15850 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15850]

Highlight Categories

Program: ASCR, BES, MSE

Performer/Facility: University, SC User Facilities, ASCR User Facilities, NERSC

Additional: Collaborations, International Collaboration

Last modified: 1/4/2018 4:24:19 PM