Science Headlines

02.26.16User Facility

Non-Coding RNA: Antibiotic Tricks a SwitchExternal link

Industry researchers using the beamline at the Argonne Advanced Photon Source user facility have uncovered an antibiotic lead that shuts off pathogen growth by targeting a molecular switch in a regulatory RNA structure. Read MoreExternal linkage

02.25.16From the Labs

Synchronized Leaf Aging in the Amazon Responsible for Seasonal Increases in PhotosynthesisExternal link

High-tech photography in the Amazon reveals that young leaves grow in at the same times as older ones perish, in strong contrast to temperate forests in North America or Europe, resulting in seasonal increases in photosynthesis that must be taken into account to build more accurate climate models. Read MoreExternal linkage

02.25.16User Facility

Chromium Study at APS Creates a Map of Cell’s Chemical ElementsExternal link

Researchers from The University of Sydney treated cells with chromium (III) before using an intense synchrotron x-ray beam at the Advanced Photon Source to identify, classify, and map chromium spots throughout the cell. Read MoreExternal linkage

02.24.16User Facility

New Way to Reduce Plant Lignin Could Lead to Cheaper BiofuelsExternal link

Scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and Joint BioEnergy Institute have shown for the first time that an enzyme can be tweaked to reduce lignin in plants. Read MoreExternal linkage

02.24.16User Facility

Making Military Vehicle Armor Stronger and Safer with NeutronsExternal link

Researchers from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Materials Science and Technology Division, and U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development, and Engineering Center, are studying welded armor and testing a new weld wire using neutron diffraction at the HB-2B beam line of the ORNL High Flux Isotope Reactor. Read MoreExternal linkage

02.23.16User Facility

PPPL Researchers Advance Understanding of Plasma Turbulence that Drains Heat from Fusion ReactorsExternal link

A team of researchers - using the spherical tokamak at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and the computers at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center - has shown that a steep density gradient can reduce the strength of electron turbulence so that less heat escapes from the plasma, making the fusion reactor more efficient. Read MoreExternal linkage

02.23.16From the Labs

A New Recipe for Biofuel: Genetic Diversity Can Lead to More Productive Growth in Switchgrass CropsExternal link

Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory are exploring how grasses, and switchgrass in particular, can enrich the nation's biofuel supply, which is currently dominated by corn, a crop relatively easy to convert to biofuel but also in demand for food, livestock feed and industrial products. Read MoreExternal linkage

02.23.16User Facility

Updated Workflows for New LHCExternal link

Berkeley Lab scientists contribute to new software that helps physics maximize next-generation supercomputing architectures. Read MoreExternal linkage

02.22.16From the Labs

Developing the Digital Safeguard That Protects the National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade at PPPLExternal link

To safeguard the National Spherical Torus Experiment Upgrade - the most powerful spherical tokamak in the world - engineers have designed, built, tested and installed a state-of-the-art system consisting of hardware, software and a network of fiber-optic cables that all work together checking critical variables during each NSTX-U shot at a rate of 1,200 times every 200 microseconds. Read MoreExternal linkage

02.22.16User Facility

New Iron Oxides Point to an Oxygen Source Inside the EarthExternal link

Using three synchrotron x-ray light sources, including the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Photon Source (APS), an Office of Science user facility at Argonne, scientists have discovered two new iron oxides. Read MoreExternal linkage