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Researchers are exploring the use of ionic liquids as a biomass pretreatment.06.30.16Science Highlight

Closing the Loop: Ionic Liquids from Biomass Waste Could Pretreat Plants Destined for Biofuels

Recycling waste from biofuel production could lower cost for future biorefineries. Read More »

An electron micrograph shows rod-shaped E. coli secreting oil droplets containing biodiesel fuel, along with fatty acids and alcohol.06.30.16Science Highlight

Engineering E. coli for Biofuel, Bioproduct Production

A novel E. coli fatty acid biosynthesis system could more efficiently convert biomass to desired products. Read More »

A mixed-grass community prairie in Iowa.06.30.16Science Highlight

Elevated Carbon Dioxide Suppresses Dominant Plant Species in a Mixed-Grass Prairie

Community composition is vital to managing native grasslands amid climate and precipitation variations. Read More »

The variation in plant cell walls has made comparative high-throughput studies of cell walls from diverse plant species challenging.06.30.16Science Highlight

Loosen Up Cell Walls and Get the Sugars Out

Better understanding could lead to more cost-effective production of cellulosic biofuels. Read More »

Shown are bud and apex growth differences of the plants WT-717 (wild type found in nature) and EBB1-oe, which is transgenic or modified in the laboratory.06.30.16Science Highlight

Characterization of Poplar Budbreak Gene Enhances Understanding of Spring Regrowth

“Master regulator” gene will facilitate management and breeding of trees better adapted to changing environments. Read More »

Scientist inspects poplars grown for use in bioenergy feedstocks research.06.30.16Science Highlight

New Methods for Investigating Wood Formation

Genetic approaches will aid development of higher biomass-yielding, sustainable trees for bioenergy feedstocks. Read More »

The Columbia River receives chromium-contaminated groundwater from the Hanford Site, a former nuclear materials production and processing complex in Washington State.06.20.16Science Highlight

Stimulate Bacteria to Stop Chromium in Groundwater

Findings could aid contaminant management efforts at former weapons production and industrial processing sites. Read More »

A jar of bio-oil, an alternate “crude oil” for transportation fuels currently made from petroleum, is created by first rapidly heating plant matter in a process called pyrolysis.06.20.16Science Highlight

Water Gunks Up Biofuels Production from Bio-Oils

New findings will help extend the lifetime of catalysts used to process bio-oils in liquid systems. Read More »

Researchers isolated an Escherichia coli mutant that tolerates a liquid salt used to break apart plant biomass into sugary polymers.06.20.16Science Highlight

A One-Pot Recipe for Making Jet Fuel

Researchers use engineered bacteria to simplify biofuels production, potentially lowering cost. Read More »

A common sulfate-reducing bacterium co-evolves with another microbe to create a synergistic situation where both microbes thrive in the subsurface without oxygen, which does not penetrate below the top few centimeters of sediment.06.20.16Science Highlight

Work Together or Go It Alone? Microbes Are Split on the Answer

Microbes often evolve and work together to thrive in no oxygen situations, hinting at how carbon and energy flow just below soils and sediments. Read More »

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Last modified: 11/9/2015 8:59:30 PM